10 Fun Facts About Biological Microscope – Clarity Scopes

10 Facts About Biological Microscope

Have you ever wondered the facts behind the innovation of the biological microscope? The invention of this device has contributed to most of the development in the modern human era. It has helped to provide answers to various questions and curiosities.

There are many interesting points about a microscope through its history and development. Do you wish to find out some of the notable facts about this device? Read on to find out!

What Is A Biological Microscope?

A biological microscope is a magnifying device used to observe biological specimens. This machine helps study biological samples. These specimens include biological cells, tissues, and forensics. It is also valuable for studying organisms and their vital life processes.

Biological Microscopes Specifications

Biological microscopes have diverse objective lenses that give them different magnifications. The range of magnification can be anywhere from 10x to 100x or more.

This device’s magnification is an expression of its magnifying power. It is the number of times it can enlarge the specimen into a dimensionless ratio. For instance, a 10x magnification means it can enlarge the sample in 10 folds.

This microscope comes in various types. They range from simple optical options to complex stereo microscopes. So, they are helpful in research, clinical settings, student teaching, etc.

Top 10 Fun Facts About Microscopes

The microscope plays a significant part in the progression of modern human lives. Several histories and facts surround the development and application of this device. Listed below are some of these points:


The name of primitive types of microscope is  “flea glasses”. The title results from the fact that its primary use is for observing small insects.

The innovation of the first sets of microscopes aimed at enlarging insects. These early devices were in the form of glasses and not a complete set like the modern microscope. 


The breakthrough of biological lenses started with Anton Van Leeuwenhoek. He created powerful magnifying lenses that can observe bacteria in water drops. 

Leeuwenhoek’s observation of protozoa in 1674 laid the foundation for modern biology.  He was able to isolate these minute organisms from various sources, including ponds. 


In 2013, microscopes helped to demonstrate the origin of life. Leeuwenhoek’s discovery gave a headway for further findings about life in biology. He first helped to disprove the theory of spontaneous generation. And he promoted to raise more questions about the origin of life. The research received a significant boost in 2013 in the quest of finding answers.


The pioneer compound biological microscope was a combined research. It was the discovery of a father and son named Han Jansen and Zacharias in the 1590s. 

Han Jansen and Zacharias were into a family business of spectacle making. Zacharias was still in his teens when his father made a giant stride in this discovery. He improved the existing work to develop a magnifying device.

The earliest microscopes have rough unclear images compared to today’s options. They focus on optics and lenses in their innovation. This idea laid the foundation for further development and improvements.


Robert Hooke made one of the most vital discoveries in the history of biological science. He discovered biological cells while observing honeycomb structure under a microscope. 


Robert Koch discovered cholera bacilli and tubercle. He used a compound microscope to observe these organisms. This discovery is one of the most significant breakthroughs in modern medicine.

Robert Koch was one of the first scientists to use a microscope in its full strength.  He was also the first to observe organisms in the blood of diseased animals with a microscope.


Marcello Malpighi has the credit of being the father of microscopic anatomy. He discovered the red blood cells and taste buds. He was also the first person to use a microscope to display both anatomy and philosophy.


The revolution in lenses started with a German engineer called Carl Zeiss in the 19th century.  This advancement was a significant turnaround in the history and development of microscopes. It gave the basis for further improvements and developments. 

The innovation started with the need to observe clearer images of specimens. Also, it stems from the need for greater magnification for minute samples.


There are powerful electron microscopes that debuted in 2008. These transmission electron microscopes can view images.  They can observe images as small as half a ten-billionth of a meter. This microscope can view “almost anything” existing. This innovation is one of the relentless efforts in the improvement of science.


The most miniature specimen examined under a light microscope is about 500nm long. This size might not be visible to regular simple or compound microscopes. You can get this view under powerful electron microscopes.

Types of Biological Microscopes

Biological microscopes are available in various styles and designs. The notable difference between the different types is their eyepieces. Other differences are in their versatility and sophistication. Find out below:

1. Monocular Biological Microscope

The monocular biological microscope has only one objective lens. This lens is on a single body tube. So, it only produces monocular vision while observing specimens.

2. Binocular Biological Microscope

This microscope type uses double eyepieces. So, you can get double vision with both eyes. This feature helps it to reduce eye strain and muscular fatigue. It also increases the depth of perception and observation.

3. Trinocular Biological Microscope

The trinocular microscope is like the binocular microscope with its double eyepieces. But this type has an extra attachment of a vertical tube. This tube is helpful for camera attachment for digital images and videos. It is also beneficial for a second observer.


The microscope played a vital role in revolutionary breakthroughs of science and technology. It is one of the scientific devices that contribute to the improvement of human lives. The development and evolution of this device come with rich history and facts. 

You don’t have to be into standard academic work or research before you need or use a microscope. There are several reasons you might need to find a biological microscope for sale. It is a good shot for amateur home use as well as standard professional applications. Do well to increase your knowledge and versatility with this basic device!